Regulators recently interviewed 13 Chinese Internet financial giants following a third interview of Ant Group. A China observer said power struggles inside the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) are behind these interviews.
Among other issues, supervision of the shareholding structure and capital was reportedly emphasized in the interviews.
Four Chinese financial regulators, including the People’s Bank of China, China Banking Regulatory Commission, China Securities Regulatory Commission, and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, jointly interviewed representatives of the financial platform companies on April 29.
The interviewed giants are Tencent, Du Xiaoman Financial, JD.com, ByteDance, Meituan Finance, Didi Finance, Lufax, Tianxing Data, 360 DigiTech, Sina Finance, Suning Finance, Gome Finance, and Trip.com Group Finance.
Similar to Ant Group, these 13 companies all have integrated operations, large business volume, and strong industry influence.
In the interview meeting, Pan Gongsheng, Vice Governor of the Chinese Central Bank put forward seven requirements:
1. All financial activities must be supervised;
2. Payments should be done in their “original form,” while “inappropriate connections” between payment tools and other financial products should be severed, non-bank accounts should be strictly controlled and prevented from expanding to the public sector;
3. Monopoly of information on financial platforms should be ended;
4. Management of key aspects such as shareholder qualifications, shareholding structure, capital, risk isolation, and connected transactions payments, etc, should be strengthened;
5. Improve corporate governance;
6. Regulate the issuance and trading of asset securitization products and overseas listing;
7. Strengthen the consumer protection mechanism.
Pan Gongsheng also chaired the third interview meeting with Ant Group on April 12, raising five rectification requirements during that meeting.
Although no news or investigation has yet disclosed whether the 13 companies have shareholding structures or capital problems, Xi Jinping has long been investigating the shareholding structure background of Ant Group, and found that former CCP leader Jiang Zemin’s faction was behind it.
Ant’s Complex Ownership Structure
According to the Wall Street Journal, growing unease in Beijing over Ant’s complex ownership structure was another reason why the CCP blocked Ant Group’s IPO.
The Wall Street Journal report said a previously unreported central-government investigation found that Boyu Capital, which is effectively controlled by Jiang Zhicheng, the grandson of Jiang Zemin, holds a stake in Ant in a roundabout way through a private equity fund, Beijing Jingguan; while Li Botan, the son-in-law of former Politburo Standing Committee member Jia Qinglin, who has close ties to Jiang, holds a stake in Ant through Beijing Zhaode Investment Group.
The report also said that friends of Ant founder Jack Ma also hold Ant shares in different investment vehicles, including Guo Guangchang, head of Fosun International Ltd; Shi Yuzhu, chairman of Giant Interactive; and Lu Zhiqiang, founder of Oceanwide Holdings.
The report mentioned that many of Jiang’s men have been purged in Xi Jinping’s corruption crackdown, but Jiang still has a certain degree of influence behind the scenes.
Hsieh Chin-ho, chairman of Investment Media and Wealth Magazine in Taiwan, said to Voice of America, “The market value of Ant’s IPO could rise to more than $400 billion, but what if Ant has hidden anti-Xi shareholders?”
He also believed this could be one of the reasons why Ant Group’s IPO was blocked.
As early as 2014, the Chinese edition of The Epoch Times exclusively broke the story that after Zhou Yongkang, former Secretary of the CCP’s Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission and important member of the Jiang faction, inspected Tencent’s data platform in 2011, Jiang’s niece Jiang Jin was appointed as the person in charge of the government affairs of Tencent QQ.
Under Jiang Jin leadership, Tencent began deep cooperation with the CCP’s Ministry of National Security and Ministry of Public Security.
Internet Financial Giants Required to Study ‘The Spirit’ of Xi Jinping’s Speech
Immediately after Ant Group was interviewed for the third time, on April 13, Zhejiang Province, where Ant Group is headquartered, held a special meeting on the Internet platform at which local officials stressed the need to further study and implement the spirit of Xi Jinping’s speech at the ninth meeting of the Central Finance Commission.
When the 13 companies were later interviewed, the financial regulators emphasized the same requirement.
Among the interviewed companies, some are regarded as having a Jiang faction background, such as Tencent and Meituan Financial, in which Tencent has a stake.
Ren Chongdao, a researcher at think tank Tianjun Politics and Economy, told The Epoch Times that the CCP power struggle is behind the interviewing of the 13 companies and Ant Group. Once Internet financial platforms become big enough, they can greatly influence the flow of capital and market confidence, and control the consumer data. If the authorities cannot control these financial platforms, the consequences could be disastrous.
Ren used the turbulence of the Chinese stock market in 2015 as an example. A third of the value of A-shares on the Shanghai Stock Exchange was lost in one month during that year’s market turmoil.
He said many people believed that the market crash was a result of “collusion” between anti-Xi forces within the CCP and foreign capital. That’s why the authorities now feel they must guard against similar risks and know who exactly is behind those big financial platforms.
“By controlling the information and data, the authorities not only can monitor the people, but also can control the big data of people’s life and consumption. That’s why the authorities much take tight control over these platforms,” Ren said.
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