The results also suggested a strong link between vaccine hesitancy and the use of social media, particularly where social media is the main source of information, according to Eurofound which carried out the survey.
“Unfortunately, these findings reflect a failure to deliver persuasive and clear communication regarding the efficacy and safety of vaccines,” said Daphne Ahrendt, Eurofound senior research manager.
Bulgarians were the most reluctant to get the vaccine, with 67 percent of adults saying they were unlikely or very unlikely to get it. In Ireland, only 10 percent of adults said they would not get the shot.
The survey found an east-west divide across Europe. Except for France and Austria, the intention to get vaccinated was above 60 percent in all Western member states—with Nordic and Mediterranean countries, Denmark, and Ireland having even higher rates.
The rate of planned uptake in Eastern member states was much lower, ranging from 59 percent in Romania to 33 percent in Bulgaria.
The main influence on vaccine hesitancy was the time spent on social media and which medium was used, the survey said. The proportion rises to 40 percent among those who use social media as their primary source of news.
Among people who used traditional media including press, radio, and television, only 18 percent of respondents were vaccine skeptics.
The survey also found that students, employed, or retired people were less vaccine hesitant than average, while 39 percent of unemployed people or those with a long-term disease or disability were more hesitant.
The survey was conducted between February and March 2021, after a full year of living with COVID-19 restrictions across the bloc’s 27 member states.
By Marine Strauss